Printed circuit board technology enables modern communication.
In describing the extraordinary times in which we live today many terms are used. These include the Space Age, Atomic Age, Digital Age, Information Age, or Industry 4.0. All of these would be correct; however, the Communication Age is probably more accurate. The ability to communicate or send and receive meaningful information is critical in virtually all aspects of life today. And PCBAs are the mechanisms by which we are able to communicate most effectively.
The building of PCBAs or assembled printed circuit boards also depends upon accurate communication between the board designers, vendors, fab houses, and assemblers involved in the process. Let’s take a look at some of the most commonly used printed circuit board abbreviations and symbols that form the language.
Common Printed Circuit Board Abbreviations
The listing in the table below includes terms commonly used for circuit board design, manufacturing and testing.
|ABBREVIATION||MEANING FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS|
|ADC||Analog to Digital Converter|
|AFE||Analog Front End|
|AOI||Automated Optical Inspection|
|ASCII||American Standard Code for Information Interchange|
|BGA||Ball Grid Array|
|Bayonet Neill–Concelman Connector||BNC Connector|
|CCA||Circuit Card Assembly|
|CAN bus (CANbus)||Controller Area Network bus|
|CSP||Chip Scale Package (Packaging)|
|DFA||Design for Assembly|
|DFM||Design for Manufacturing|
|DFN||Dual Flat No-Lead (Package)|
|DFT||Design for Testing|
|DIP||Dual In-line Package|
|DPA||Destructive Physical Analysis|
|DRC||Design Rule Check|
|DUT||Device Under Test|
|EDA||Electronic Design Automation|
|EEE||Electrical, Electronic and Electromechanical|
|ELIC||Every Layer Interconnect|
|EMS||Electronics Manufacturing Services|
|FPGA||Field Programmable Gate Array|
|HMI||Human Machine Interface|
|HVTR||High Voltage Arc Tracking Rate|
|IDE||Investigational Device Exemption
Integrated Development Environment
|IoT||Internet of Things|
|LGA||Land Grid Array|
|LVDS||Low voltage differential signaling|
|NPI||New Product Introduction|
|OCM||Original Component Manufacturer|
|OEM||Original Equipment Manufacturer|
|PCB||Printed Circuit Board|
|PCBA||Printed Circuit Board Assembly|
|PDN||Power Distribution Network|
|PLC||Programmable Logic Controller|
|PLD||Programmable Logic Device|
|PWB||Printed Wiring Board|
|QFN||Quad Flat No-Lead (Package)|
|QFP||Quad Flat Package|
|ROSE||Resistivity of Solvent Extract (Testing)|
|SCADA||Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition|
|SDI||Serial Digital Interface|
|SIP||Single In-line Package|
|SMD||Surface Mount Device|
|SMT||Surface Mount Technology|
|SoC||System on a Chip|
|SOIC||Small Outline Integrated Circuit|
|SOP||Small Outline Package|
|TDR||Time Domain Reflectometry|
|TQFN||Thin Quad Flat No-Lead (Package)|
|TQFP||Thin Quad Flat Package|
|TSOP||Thin Small Outline Package|
|via||vertical interconnect access|
Although not exhaustive, the list above provides many common abbreviations that should help develop your boards. Additionally, it’s complemented by a common PCB terminology database that you should know and common symbols, as shown below.
Common Printed Circuit Board Symbols
Below is a collection of commonly used electrical symbols for circuit board design.
Common PCBA symbols
|Tempo’s Software-Driven Smart Factory Delivers the Industry’s Leading Custom Turnkey PCBA Manufacturing Services
It’s essential to know the correct terms, abbreviations and symbols in design checklist requirements for communicating effectively with your CM and ensuring your boards are built to meet your design intent. At Tempo Automation, the industry leader in fast, precise, high-quality prototype and low-volume turnkey PCBA manufacturing, synchronization between our process and your design objectives is a key to optimal development and high-yield rates.
And to help you get started on the best path, we furnish information for your DFM checks and enable you to view and download DRC files easily. If you’re an Altium Designer or Cadence Allegro user, you can simply add these files to your PCB design software. For Mentor Pads or other design packages, we furnish DRC information in different CAD formats and Excel.
If you are ready to have your design manufactured, try our quote tool to upload your CAD and BOM files. If you want more information on printed circuit board abbreviations and symbols and how they are essential to PCBA development, contact us.